US Investors in Farm Land in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Trends, Business Models and Implications for Food Security
Posted: 8 Apr 2013
Date Written: April 8, 2013
In the past decade, foreign investments in crop land in low- and middle-income countries have grown dramatically. Foreign private sector investors, ranging from agribusiness companies and biofuel developers to asset-owning institutions, such as pension funds as well as private equity and hedge funds, have been identified as playing the prominent roles in this trend. At the same time, this trend has generated contentious debate about the extent of the phenomenon, the business models employed by investors and impacts on food security and household income in local communities where the investments are occurring. This discussion paper will examine the trends of US private sector investments flowing into farmland in low- and middle-income countries, the business models employed and their potential food security implications in low- and middle-income countries where investments are occurring. The paper will builds on scooping research and case studies commissioned by Oxfam America to understand the nature of US investors and investment funds engaged in large scale land acquisitions in low- and middle-income countries.
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