Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending: Evidence from the Global Financial Crisis
49 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2013 Last revised: 2 Jun 2018
Date Written: April 5, 2017
We use the 2007-2008 financial crisis as a lens to study the link between banks' financial health and the strength of transmission of financial sector shocks to the real economy. We find that banks with ex-ante stronger balance sheets, in particular higher levels of common equity, were better able to maintain credit supply when faced with liquidity shocks during the crisis. One mechanism behind this effect was that banks in better financial health experienced a lower cost of funds. Bank recapitalizations mitigated the lending gap between high and low capital banks, but only in countries with strong sovereigns. Firms that borrowed from low capital banks had worse economic performance during the crisis, in terms of lower asset growth, sales growth, and investment. These findings support the view that strong financial intermediary balance sheets are key for the recovery of credit and economic performance after large financial sector shocks.
Keywords: bank lending channel, wholesale funding, high-quality capital, real effects of financial shocks, Basel III
JEL Classification: G21, G18, G01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation