References (39)



Gender Differences in Implicit and Explicit Personality Traits

Michelangelo Vianello

University of Padua

Konrad Schnabel

University of Potsdam

Natarajan Sriram


Brian A. Nosek

University of Virginia

April 11, 2013

This article investigates gender differences in implicit and explicit measures of the BIG FIVE traits of personality. In a high-powered study (N=14,348), we replicated previous research showing that women report higher levels of Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion and Neuroticism. For implicit measures, gender differences were much smaller for all, and opposite in sign for Extraversion. Somewhat higher levels of implicit Neuroticism and Agreeableness were observed in women, and somewhat higher levels of implicit Extraversion and Openness were observed in men. There was no gender difference in implicit Conscientiousness. A possible explanation is that explicit self-concepts partly reflect social norms and self-expectations about gender roles, while implicit self-concepts may mostly reflect self-related experiences.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 22

Keywords: IAT, Implicit Association Test, personality traits, gender differences

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Date posted: April 11, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Vianello, Michelangelo and Schnabel, Konrad and Sriram, Natarajan and Nosek, Brian A., Gender Differences in Implicit and Explicit Personality Traits (April 11, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2249080 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2249080

Contact Information

Michelangelo Vianello
University of Padua ( email )
via venezia 8
Padova, Padova 35100
Konrad Schnabel
University of Potsdam ( email )
August-Bebel Strasse 89
Potsdam, DE 14482
Natarajan Sriram
Implisci ( email )
1999 English Oaks Cir N
Charlottesville, VA 22911
United States
Brian A. Nosek (Contact Author)
University of Virginia ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
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References:  39