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The Relationship between Power and Position in Irrigation Networks in Egypt's Fayoum Oasis

10 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2013  

David H. Price

St. Martin's University

Devon D. Brewer

Interdisciplinary Scientific Research

Date Written: March 1, 1996

Abstract

In ten irrigation networks in Egypt's Fayoum Oasis, farmers rated the power of every farmer in the network to instigate others to engage in canal maintenance. Farmers' ratings were submitted to cultural consensus analysis to obtain an aggregate estimate of each farmer's power. In each network, there is a negative relationship between power and irrigation network rank position, such that upstream farmers are perceived to be more powerful than downstream farmers. This relationship is fairly strong in irrigation networks that do not rely on pump water delivery technology but weak in irrigation networks that rely on pumps to deliver water to farmers' fields. These results suggest the impact of technology on social structure.

Keywords: social networks, dominance, agriculture, technology

JEL Classification: Q12, Q15, Q16

Suggested Citation

Price, David H. and Brewer, Devon D., The Relationship between Power and Position in Irrigation Networks in Egypt's Fayoum Oasis (March 1, 1996). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2249953 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2249953

David Price

St. Martin's University ( email )

5000 Abbey Way SE
Lacey, WA 98503
United States

Devon Brewer (Contact Author)

Interdisciplinary Scientific Research ( email )

P.O. Box 15110
Seattle, WA 98115
United States
206-985-2398 (Phone)
815-301-8854 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.interscientific.net

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