Gendered Genocide: The Socially Destructive Process of Genocidal Rape, Killing, and Displacement in Darfur

Law & Society Review, Vol. 49, No. 1, 69-107

39 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2013 Last revised: 23 Sep 2018

See all articles by Joshua Kaiser

Joshua Kaiser

Dartmouth College; American Bar Foundation

John Hagan

Northwestern University - Department of Sociology

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

Accounts of mass atrocities habitually focus on one kind of violence and its archetypal victim, inviting uncritical, ungendered misconceptions: e.g., rape only impacts women; genocide is only about dead, battle-aged men. We approach collective violence as multiple, intersecting forms of victimization, targeted and experienced through differential social identities, and translated throughout communities. Through mixed-method analyses of Darfuri refugees’ testimonies, we show (a) gendered causes and collective effects of selective killing, sexual violence, and anti-livelihood crimes, (b) how they cause displacement, (c) that they can be genocidal and empirically distinct from non-genocidal forms, (d) how the process of genocidal social destruction can work, and (e) how it does work in Darfur. Darfuris are victimized through gender roles, yielding a gendered meaning-making process that communicates socially destructive messages through crimes that selectively target other genders. The collective result is displacement and destruction of Darfuris’ ways of life: genocide.

Keywords: Genocidal elimination, gendered crime, sexual violence, forced migration, Sudan, Darfur

Suggested Citation

Kaiser, Joshua and Hagan, John, Gendered Genocide: The Socially Destructive Process of Genocidal Rape, Killing, and Displacement in Darfur (2015). Law & Society Review, Vol. 49, No. 1, 69-107, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2250867 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2250867

Joshua Kaiser (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College ( email )

Department of Sociology
6104 Blunt Hall, Room 305
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603-646-3045 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://joshuakaiser.net

American Bar Foundation ( email )

750 N. Lake Shore Drive
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

John Hagan

Northwestern University - Department of Sociology ( email )

1810 Chicago Ave
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

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