Review of Environmental Governance in India: Cataloguing of the Current Initiatives
TERI Information Digest in Energy and Environment 11(2): 189-198, 2012
10 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2013 Last revised: 26 Apr 2013
Date Written: June 22, 2012
Environmental resources are increasingly coming under the pressure from various facets of development. Institutional as well as non-institutional mechanisms for ensuring that the long term sustenance of environmental resources does not get hampered therefore assume greater importance. In this context, improving the governance process of development is considered as a means of improving performance on the above. This can primarily emanate from the setting up of new institutions, from, the strengthening of existing institutions, from providing a policy framework and from undertaking the initiatives that lead to the conservation of environment and its resources. This paper discusses the concepts of governance and good governance in relation to environmental management first; it then provides an overview of select environmental governance measures undertaken by government departments in a catalogued manner. It discusses the initiatives under the broad categories of: commitments to global treaties, transparency and accountability, sensitive ecosystems, conservation projects, water resource management, research, education and training capacity building. It thereby provides an abstract state of environmental governance, which needs to be developed much deeper by incorporating further details and making refinements.
Keywords: Governance, environmental management, decision making, institutions
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