Varieties of Elections in Africa and the New V-Dem Data
Posted: 18 Apr 2013
Date Written: April 18, 2013
The study of democracy and democratization lies at the center of political science and is increasingly important in economics, sociology, and history. In the post- Cold War world, democracy has also become a central foreign policy objective. Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) database provides 329 indicators of multiple core principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, majoritarian, consensual, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian democracy. V-Dem breaks down each core principle index into its constituent components, about 50 of them measured separately. The V-Dem Database soon will contain data on these for all countries in Africa, annually from 1900 to the present including pre- independence eras. This paper will provide the first ever analysis of the unique V-Dem data on Africa’s democratic developments from the 1930s to the present. In particular, the paper analyzes the electoral processes and outcomes in light of the measures of varying electoral institutions and the multiple indicators on manipulation of institutions, processes, and results.
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