The Effect of Maternal Drug Use on Birth Weight: Measurement Error in Binary Variables

31 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2000 Last revised: 11 Apr 2010

See all articles by Robert Kaestner

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Theodore Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Hassan Wehbeh

Lutheran Medical Center

Date Written: January 1996

Abstract

This paper develops a method to correct for non-random measurement error in a binary indicator of illicit drugs. Our results suggest that estimates of the effect of self reported prenatal drug use on birth weight are biased upwards by measurement error -- a finding contrary to predictions of a model of random measurement error. We show that more accurate estimates of the true effect of drug use on birth weight can be obtained by using the predicted probability of falsely reporting drug use. This suggests that out-of-sample information on drug use may improve estimates of the effect of reported drug use in other settings.

Suggested Citation

Kaestner, Robert and Joyce, Theodore J. and Wehbeh, Hassan, The Effect of Maternal Drug Use on Birth Weight: Measurement Error in Binary Variables (January 1996). NBER Working Paper No. w5434, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=225491

Robert Kaestner (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States

Theodore J. Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business ( email )

17 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States

Hassan Wehbeh

Lutheran Medical Center

150 55th St
Brooklyn, NY 11220
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
25
Abstract Views
1,054
PlumX Metrics