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Do Workplace Smoking Bans Reduce Smoking?

52 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2000 Last revised: 1 Oct 2010

William N. Evans

University of Notre Dame; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Matthew C. Farrelly

RTI International

Edward B. Montgomery

University of Maryland; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: May 1996

Abstract

In recent years there has been a heightened public concern over the potentially harmful effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). In response, smoking has been banned on many jobs. Using data from the 1991 and 1993 National Health Interview Survey and smoking supplements to the September 1992 and May 1993 Current Population Survey, we investigate whether these workplace policies reduce smoking prevalence and smoking intensity among workers. Our estimates suggest that workplace bans reduce smoking prevalence by 5 percentage points and average daily consumption among smokers by 10 percent. The impact of the ban is greatest for those with longer work weeks. Although workers with better health habits are more likely to work at establishments with workplace smoking bans, estimates from bivariate probit and two-stage least square equations suggest that these estimates are not subject to an omitted variables bias. The rapid increase in workplace bans can explain all of the recent sharp fall in smoking among workers relative to non-workers.

Suggested Citation

Evans, William N. and Farrelly, Matthew C. and Montgomery, Edward B., Do Workplace Smoking Bans Reduce Smoking? (May 1996). NBER Working Paper No. w5567. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=225530

William N. Evans (Contact Author)

University of Notre Dame ( email )

913 Flanner Hall
Notre Dame, IN 46530
United States
574-631-7039 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Matthew C. Farrelly

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Health, Social and Economics Research 3040 Cornwallis Rd.
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194
United States

Edward B. Montgomery

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

University of Maryland ( email )

Department of Economics
College Park, MD 20742
United States
301-405-3498 (Phone)
301-405-3542 (Fax)

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