Behavioral Outcomes of Next Generation Family Members’ Commitment to Their Firm
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology (Forthcoming)
35 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2013
Date Written: April 23, 2013
Are there variations in behaviors and leadership styles of next generation family members or descendants who join their family business due to different forms of commitment? Evidence from a dual respondent study of 109 Canadian and Swiss family firms suggests that descendants with affective commitment to their family firms are more likely to engage in discretionary activities going beyond the job description, thereby contributing to organizational performance. Next generation members with normative commitment are more likely to engage in transformational leadership behaviors. Both affectively and normatively motivated next generation members use contingent reward forms of leadership. A surprising finding of this study is the binding force of normative commitment on positive leadership behaviors of next generation members. This study empirically tests the generalizability of the three-component model of commitment to family businesses, a context in which different forms of commitment may play a unique role.
Keywords: family business, next generation, commitment, leadership, transformational leadership, transactional leadership
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