What is the Wind Behind the Sails to Go Abroad? Empirical Evidence from the Mutual Fund Industry
40 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2013
Date Written: 2013
Specific industry factors determining cross-border business set-up in the European mutual fund industry are analyzed to contribute to the understanding of production specificities in the financial industry. The findings indicate that the decision on where to domicile a fund is not primarily driven by traditional cost factors, such as registration charges and labor costs. Network conditions with respect to the knowledge-based production process of mutual funds and the interaction with regulating authorities such as the approval process embedded in the legal framework and the quality of the workforce in a dense specialized cluster matter most. Differences in such network conditions may allow fund companies to set up more innovative and complex funds in a shorter period of time in one country than in other countries. The findings highlight also that the practitioners agree on such network determinants as being most important.
Keywords: Mutual Funds, Business Location Decision, Financial Regulation, Networks in Capital Markets
JEL Classification: D22, F36, G15, G28
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