The Effect of Medicaid Abortion Funding Restrictions on Abortions, Pregnancies, and Births

42 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2000 Last revised: 1 May 2010

See all articles by Phillip B. Levine

Phillip B. Levine

Wellesley College; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Amy B. Trainor

Hewitt Associates

David J. Zimmerman

Williams College

Date Written: March 1995

Abstract

This paper considers whether state Medicaid abortion funding restrictions affect the likelihood of getting pregnant, having an abortion, and bearing a child. Aggregate, state-level data and microdata from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) are applied in the empirical work. Changes in laws resulting from Supreme Court decisions create a natural experiment which is utilized to examine fertility behavior. Multivariate models controlling for state and, in the NLSY, personal characteristics are also estimated using alternative fixed effect specifications. We find that Medicaid funding restrictions are associated with a reduction in both the number of abortions and pregnancies, resulting in either no change or a reduction in births.

Suggested Citation

Levine, Phillip B. and Trainor, Amy B. and Zimmerman, David J., The Effect of Medicaid Abortion Funding Restrictions on Abortions, Pregnancies, and Births (March 1995). NBER Working Paper No. w5066. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=225844

Phillip B. Levine (Contact Author)

Wellesley College ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
781-283-2162 (Phone)
781-283-2177 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Amy B. Trainor

Hewitt Associates

40 Highland Ave.
Rowayton, CT 06853
United States

David J. Zimmerman

Williams College ( email )

Williamstown, MA 01267
United States
413-597-2192 (Phone)

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