Moving from the Household to the Individual: Multidimensional Poverty Analysis

34 Pages Posted: 3 May 2013 Last revised: 31 May 2013

See all articles by Ramya Vijaya

Ramya Vijaya

Richard Stockton College

Rahul Lahoti

University of Goettingen (Gottingen); Azim Premji University

Hema Swaminathan

Indian Institute of Management (IIMB), Bangalore

Date Written: April 25, 2013

Abstract

Current multidimensional measures of poverty continue to follow the traditional income poverty approach of using household rather than the individual as the unit of analysis. Household level measures are gender blind since they ignore intra-household differences in resource allocation which have been shown to differ along gender lines. In this study we use new data from the Karnataka Household Asset Survey (KHAS) to construct an individual level multidimensional poverty measure for Karnataka, India. Our results show that an individual level measure can identify substantial gender differences in poverty that are masked at the household level. We also find a large potential for misclassification of poor individuals as non-poor when poverty is not assessed at the individual level.

Keywords: Intra-household, MPI, Poverty, Karnataka

Suggested Citation

Vijaya, Ramya and Lahoti, Rahul and Swaminathan, Hema, Moving from the Household to the Individual: Multidimensional Poverty Analysis (April 25, 2013). IIM Bangalore Research Paper No. 404. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2259405 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2259405

Ramya Vijaya (Contact Author)

Richard Stockton College ( email )

Rahul Lahoti

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) ( email )

Platz der Gottinger Sieben 3
Gottingen, D-37073
Germany

Azim Premji University ( email )

PESIT South campus
Electronic City phase-I
Bangalore, 560100

Hema Swaminathan

Indian Institute of Management (IIMB), Bangalore ( email )

Bannerghatta Road
Bangalore, Karnataka 560076
India

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