Jobless Growth: Appropriability, Factor Substitution, and Unemployment

40 Pages Posted: 25 May 2006 Last revised: 6 Oct 2010

See all articles by Ricardo J. Caballero

Ricardo J. Caballero

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Mohamad L. Hammour

Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 1997

Abstract

A central determinant of the political economy of capital-labor relations is the appropriability of specific quasi-rents. " This paper is concerned with the general-equilibrium interaction of appropriability and characteristics of technology namely, the embodiment of technology in capital and capital-labor substitutability in the technological menu. Technological embodiment means that the supply of capital is effectively much less elastic in the short than in the long run, and is therefore more exposed to appropriability; technology choice implies that an attempt at appropriating capital will induce a substitution away from labor in the long run, and constitutes a mechanism to thwart appropriation. Shifts in European labor relations in the last three decades offer a good laboratory to explore the empirical relevance of those mechanisms. The evolution of the labor share, the profit rate, the capital/output ratio, and unemployment which we examine more particularly in the case of France appears highly supportive.

Suggested Citation

Caballero, Ricardo J. and Hammour, Mohamad L., Jobless Growth: Appropriability, Factor Substitution, and Unemployment (October 1997). NBER Working Paper No. w6221. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=225979

Ricardo J. Caballero (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )

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Mohamad L. Hammour

Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

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