Drought Identification, Occurrence and Status in Anantapur District: Policy and Planning for Its Management
Journal of Institute of Public Health Engineers 2001 (1)
14 Pages Posted: 4 May 2013
Date Written: January 1, 2006
Drought refers to a sustained period of water deficit in particular areas, perhaps lasting for few months or even years. Drought occurrence affects the performance of agriculture sector and frequent occurrence of droughts cause supply shocks to the economy of a region. In this context, study of droughts effecting the population, their livelihoods, and the need for migration and or combative actions with reference to a study region to highlight the issue may be useful to policy makers. Anantapur district is lying in the core of drought zone in South India with exceedingly low rainfall, poor soils and vegetation, and precarious irrigation facilities. Drought occurrence has a direct bearing on the production systems, whether it natural vegetation or agriculture. Policy measures that need to be adopted include crop insurance, public works and employment programmes, water and forest resources management using existing institutions. Watershed planning and management has a greater role to play as a mitigation measure.
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