Alcohol Regulation and Violence Towards Children

36 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2000 Last revised: 4 Apr 2008

See all articles by Sara Markowitz

Sara Markowitz

Emory University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Michael Grossman

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office; CUNY The Graduate Center - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 1999

Abstract

In recent years, economists have paid much attention to the demand for alcohol and the negative externalities associated with excessive drinking. Largely ignored in the literature is the link" between alcohol use and domestic violence. Given the established positive relationship between" alcohol consumption and acts of violence, the purpose of this paper is to examine the role changes" in the determinants of the demand for alcohol may play in reducing the incidence of violence aimed" at children. Data on violence come from the 1976 Physical Violence in American Families survey. " We estimate a reduced form demand model in which violent outcomes are affected by the state" excise tax rate on beer, illegal drug prices and other regulatory variables such as availability" measures and laws restricting advertising of alcohol. Results show that increasing the tax on beer" can be an effective policy tool in reducing violence. Laws designed to make obtaining beer more" difficult may also be effective in reducing violence, while restrictions on advertising and increases" in illegal drug prices have no effects.

Suggested Citation

Markowitz, Sara and Grossman, Michael, Alcohol Regulation and Violence Towards Children (February 1999). NBER Working Paper No. w6359. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=226108

Sara Markowitz (Contact Author)

Emory University ( email )

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Michael Grossman

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office ( email )

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CUNY The Graduate Center - Department of Economics ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://mgrossman.ws.gc.cuny.edu

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