Varieties of Populism in a Changing Global Context: The Divergent Paths of Erdogan and Kirchnerismo

Published in 2014 in Comparative Politics, 47(1): 41-59.

33 Pages Posted: 6 May 2013 Last revised: 15 Jan 2015

See all articles by S. Aytaç

S. Aytaç

Yale University - Department of Political Science

Ziya Öniş

Koc University - Department of International Relations

Date Written: May 6, 2013

Abstract

While the literature on populism is rich on specifying the characteristics of populist movements that distinguishes them from non-populists, much less attention has been paid on distinguishing between different types of populist movements. In this article we highlight and account for divergent trajectories of populist practice in two major emerging economies – Argentina and Turkey. We stress that both the Kirchner governments of Argentina and the Erdoğan governments of Turkey closely fit to the populist pattern of rule, yet a close analysis of their policies suggests a left-wing type of populism in Argentina and a right-wing type in Turkey. Beyond identifying divergent strands of populism in two national contexts, we also explain the mix of domestic and external factors that accounts for this contrasting pattern.

Keywords: Turkey, Argentina, populism

Suggested Citation

Aytaç, S. and Onis, Ziya, Varieties of Populism in a Changing Global Context: The Divergent Paths of Erdogan and Kirchnerismo (May 6, 2013). Published in 2014 in Comparative Politics, 47(1): 41-59. . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2261178 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2261178

S. Aytaç (Contact Author)

Yale University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 208269
New Haven, DC 06520-8269
United States

Ziya Onis

Koc University - Department of International Relations ( email )

Rumelifeneri Yolu
Sariyer 80910, Istanbul
Turkey
+90 212 338 1300 (Phone)
+90 212 338 1651 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://home.ku.edu.tr/~zonis/

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