Determinants and Dynamics of Schooling and Child Labour in Bolivia

21 Pages Posted: 8 May 2013

See all articles by Francesco Grigoli

Francesco Grigoli

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Giacomo Sbrana

Neoma Business School

Date Written: May 2013


This paper investigates the determinants of primary school enrolment, attendance, and child labour in Bolivia from 1999 to 2007, and attempts to analyse the interactions among these decisions over time. Although enrolment rates show a significant improvement, a high proportion of children do not attend school. The empirical results reveal that the increase in enrolment is led by indigenous children and those living in urban areas. Moreover, contrary to common belief, being extremely poor and indigenous are the main determinants of school attendance. Finally, although extremely poor children increased their school attendance, there was no reduction in child labour, which remains a relevant issue in Bolivia.

Keywords: Bolivia, child labour, education, Latin America

JEL Classification: H52, I21, J20

Suggested Citation

Grigoli, Francesco and Sbrana, Giacomo, Determinants and Dynamics of Schooling and Child Labour in Bolivia (May 2013). Bulletin of Economic Research, Vol. 65, pp. s17-s37, 2013. Available at SSRN: or

Francesco Grigoli (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Giacomo Sbrana

Neoma Business School ( email )

1 Rue du Maréchal Juin
Mont Saint Aignan Cedex, 76825

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