Involuntary Motherhood: Abortion, Birth Control and the Law in Nineteenth-Century Canada
Constance B. Backhouse
University of Ottawa - Common Law Section
Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, Vol. 3, 1983, 61-130
Professor Backhouse suggests that before the nineteenth century abortions and birth control were largely considered private matters. However, beginning in the early nineteenth century and continuing until the Criminal Code of 1892 there were several waves of legislation which Professor Backhouse traces and analyses that made abortions and birth control crimes. She also explores court cases dealing with abortions during that century ad compares them with prosecutions for infanticide during the same period. Taking as her point of departure the burden that unwanted pregnancies could be for women, particularly the poor and unmarried or unhappily married, Professor Backhouse argues that much of the evidence suggests that the legislation was passed, not as a response to any upsurge in public opinion, but as a result of a determined group of male physicians who wished to assert monopoly control over a profession they were struggling to create.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 70
Keywords: Backhouse, nineteenth, 19th, century, historical, history, abortion, birth control, reproductive, women, feminism, woman, physician, sex, gender, Criminal Code, criminal, law, legislation, infanticide, pregnancy, pregnancies
Date posted: May 11, 2013