Gender Differences in Sickness Absence and the Gender Division of Family Responsibilities

53 Pages Posted: 11 May 2013

See all articles by Nikolay Angelov

Nikolay Angelov

Uppsala University

Per Johansson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation; Uppsala University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Erica Lindahl

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation

Abstract

This study investigates possible reasons for the gender difference in sickness absence. We estimate both short- and long-term effects of parenthood in a within-couple analysis based on the timing of parenthood. We find that after entering parenthood, women increase their sickness absence by between 0.5 days per month (during the child's third year) and 0.85 days per month (during year 17) more than their spouse. By investigating possible explanations for the observed effect, we conclude that the effect mainly stems from higher home commitment, which reduces women's labour market attachment and, in turn, increases female sickness absence.

Keywords: double burden, health investment, household work, labour market work, moral hazard, parenthood, sickness insurance, work absence

JEL Classification: C23, D13, I19, J22

Suggested Citation

Angelov, Nikolay and Johansson, Per and Lindahl, Erica, Gender Differences in Sickness Absence and the Gender Division of Family Responsibilities. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7379, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2263655 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2263655

Nikolay Angelov (Contact Author)

Uppsala University ( email )

Uppsala
Sweden

Per Johansson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden
+ 46 18 471 70 86 (Phone)
+ 46 18 471 70 71 (Fax)

Uppsala University - Department of Economics ( email )

Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Erica Lindahl

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden

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