Measurement and Application of Egoistic and Moralistic Self‐Enhancement

13 Pages Posted: 17 May 2013

See all articles by Michele Vecchione

Michele Vecchione

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Guido Alessandri

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Claudio Barbaranelli

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Date Written: June 2013

Abstract

Five studies were conducted to develop and validate the Egoistic and Moralistic Self‐enhancement (EMS) scale, a new self‐report measure of egoistic and moralistic self‐enhancement. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for a two‐factor structure comprising the tendencies to promote agentic (egoistic) and communal (moralistic) qualities (Study 1). Construct validity was supported by significant correlations with established measures of socially desirable responding, such as the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (Study 2) and the Impression Management scale of the 16 Personality Factors (Study 3). When the EMS scale has been applied in organizational settings, we found that job applicants were more inclined than nonapplicants to promote their own agentic and communal qualities, although differences were more pronounced for egoistic self‐enhancement (Study 4). Findings also suggested that exaggeration of agentic qualities decrease the criterion‐related validity of conscientiousness in predicting job performance (Study 5). Taken together, findings suggest that the EMS scale provides a valid and reliable measure that can be fruitfully used for both theoretical and applied research.

Suggested Citation

Vecchione, Michele and Alessandri, Guido and Barbaranelli, Claudio, Measurement and Application of Egoistic and Moralistic Self‐Enhancement (June 2013). International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 170-182, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2266273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijsa.12027

Michele Vecchione (Contact Author)

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology ( email )

Via dei Marsi 78
Rome, 00185
Italy

Guido Alessandri

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Via dei Marsi 78
Rome, 00185
Italy

Claudio Barbaranelli

University of Rome I - Department of Psychology

Via dei Marsi 78
Rome, 00185
Italy

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