Characteristics of Women Farm Operators and Their Farms

51 Pages Posted: 19 May 2013

See all articles by Robert A. Hoppe

Robert A. Hoppe

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Penni Korb

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Date Written: April 2013

Abstract

Over the past three decades, the number of women-operated farms increased substantially. In 2007, women operated 14 percent of all U.S. farms, up from 5 percent in 1978. Women-operated farms increased in all sales classes, including farms with annual sales of $1 million or more. Most women farmers operated very small farms in 2007; about three-fourths of their farms had sales of less than $10,000. A small share of their farms (5 percent), however, sold $100,000 or more in farm products. About half of women-operated farms specialized in grazing livestock — beef cattle, horses, and sheep or goats. In addition to a principal operator, some farms have secondary operators. If both principal and secondary operators are counted, the number of women operators in 2007 expands from 306,200 to nearly 1 million.

Keywords: farm operators, farm structure, farm women, female farm operators, female-operated farms, small farms, women farm operators, women-operated farms, women in agriculture

Suggested Citation

Hoppe, Robert A. and Korb, Penni, Characteristics of Women Farm Operators and Their Farms (April 2013). USDA-ERS Economic Information Bulletin No. 111, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2266538 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2266538

Robert A. Hoppe (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5572 (Phone)

Penni Korb

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5575 (Phone)

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