Gender Differences in the Effects of Vocational Training: Constraints on Women and Drop-Out Behavior

51 Pages Posted: 18 May 2013

See all articles by Yoonyoung Cho

Yoonyoung Cho

World Bank

Davie Kalomba

Malawi National AIDS Commission

Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

Yale School of Management; Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Victor Orozco

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

We provide experimental evidence on the effects of vocational and entrepreneurial training for Malawian youth, in an environment where access to schooling and formal sector employment is extremely low. We track a large fraction of program drop-outs – a common phenomenon in the training evaluation literature – and this allows us to examine the determinants and consequences of drop-out and how it mediates the effects of such programs. We find that women make decisions in a more constrained environment, and their participation affected by family obligations. Participation is more expensive for them, resulting in worse training experience. The training results in skills development, continued investment in human capital, and improved well-being, with more positive effects for men, but no improvements in labor market outcomes in the short run.

Keywords: apprenticeship training, vulnerable youth, gender, drop-outs, Malawi

JEL Classification: O15, J24, I15

Suggested Citation

Cho, Yoonyoung and Kalomba, Davie and Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq and Orozco, Victor, Gender Differences in the Effects of Vocational Training: Constraints on Women and Drop-Out Behavior. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7408. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2266835

Yoonyoung Cho (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Davie Kalomba

Malawi National AIDS Commission

Malawi

Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

Yale School of Management ( email )

135 Prospect Street
P.O. Box 208200
New Haven, CT 06520-8200
United States
203-432-5787 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://mba.yale.edu/faculty/profiles/mobarak.shtml

Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Box 208281
New Haven, CT 06520-8281
United States

Victor Orozco

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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