How are Secondary Vocational Schools in China Measuring Up to Government Benchmarks?

23 Pages Posted: 21 May 2013

See all articles by Linxiu Zhang

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Hongmei Yi

School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University

James Chu

Stanford University, Department of Sociology, Students; Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies

Chengfang Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Prashant Kumar Loyalka

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies

May Maani

Peking University

Jianguo Wei

Peking University

Date Written: May‐June 2013

Abstract

Drawing on a survey of 106 secondary vocational schools and 7309 students in two provinces of China, this descriptive paper assesses whether vocational schooling is measuring up to government benchmarks for quality and whether poor students are able to access quality schools. We find that secondary vocational schools have met government benchmarks for teacher qualification and training, student opportunities for practical training and adequate facilities. Furthermore, poor students access schools of similar quality to non‐poor students, even though 34 percent of poor students do not receive financial aid. We conclude that recent policies are successfully ensuring secondary vocational school quality and equity of access to school quality between poor and non‐poor students. However, financial aid policies should be re‐examined, such that poor students receive sufficient coverage. Moreover, given that input‐based measures only proxy school quality, the government should consider holding schools accountable for outcomes such as student learning.

Keywords: access, China, financial aid, quality, secondary vocational school

JEL Classification: H52, I24, O15

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Linxiu and Yi, Hongmei and Chu, James and Liu, Chengfang and Loyalka, Prashant and Maani, May and Wei, Jianguo, How are Secondary Vocational Schools in China Measuring Up to Government Benchmarks? (May‐June 2013). China & World Economy, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 98-120, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2267692 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-124X.2013.12024.x

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

Hongmei Yi

School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University ( email )

Room 412, Wangkezhen Buidling, Peking Unviersity
Beijing, 100871
China

James Chu

Stanford University, Department of Sociology, Students ( email )

Stanford
United States

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Chengfang Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

52 Sanlihe Rd.
Datun Road, Anwai
Beijing, Xicheng District 100864
China

Prashant Loyalka

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

May Maani

Peking University

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

Jianguo Wei

Peking University ( email )

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

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