Modelling Charitable Donations: A Latent Class Panel Inverse Hyperbolic Sine Heteroskedastic Tobit Approach
33 Pages Posted: 24 May 2013
Date Written: February 2, 2012
We make a methodological contribution to the latent class literature by re-examining censored variable analysis within a panel data context. Specifically, we extend the standard latent class tobit panel approach to include random effects, to allow for heteroskedasticity and to incorporate the inverse hyperbolic sine (IHS) transformation of the dependent variable. The IHS transformation ensures robustness to non-normality in the original (untransformed) dependent variable. We then use this framework to model charitable donations, an interesting application given the potential for divergent groups of individuals in the population with regard to their donating behaviour, which we uncover by a latent class approach. Our findings, which are based on U.S. panel data drawn from five waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, do suggest two distinct classes. There is a clear disparity between the probabilities of zero donations across these classes, with one class dominated by the observed zero givers and associated with relatively low levels of predicted giving. We find clear evidence of both heteroskedasticity and random effects. All IHS parameters were significantly different from zero and different across classes. In combination, these findings endorse the importance of our three modelling extensions.
Keywords: Charity, Donations, Latent Class, Panel Data, Tobit
JEL Classification: D19, H24, H41, H31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation