Identifying the Effect of Open Access on Citations Using a Panel of Science Journals
35 Pages Posted: 25 May 2013 Last revised: 1 Nov 2013
Date Written: October 30, 2013
An open-access journal allows free online access to its articles, obtaining revenue from fees charged to submitting authors or from institutional support. Using panel data on science journals, we are able to circumvent problems plaguing previous studies of the impact of open access on citations. In contrast to the huge effects found in these previous studies, we find a more modest effect: moving from paid to open access increases cites by 8% on average in our sample. The benefit is concentrated among top-ranked journals. In fact, open access causes a statistically significant reduction in cites to the bottom-ranked journals in our sample, leading us to conjecture that open access may intensify competition among articles for readers’ attention, generating losers as well as winners.
Keywords: open access, superstars, long tail, journal, citation, search, platform
JEL Classification: L17, O33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?
Downstream Competition, Foreclosure, and Vertical Integration
Open Access as a Crude Solution to a Hold-up Problem in the Two-Sided Market for Academic Journals
The Pricing of Academic Journals: A Two-Sided Market Perspective
By Doh-shin Jeon and Jean-charles Rochet
Bundling Electronic Journals and Competition Among Publishers
By Doh-shin Jeon and Domenico Menicucci
Academic Journal Prices in a Digital Age: A Two-Sided-Market Model
A Model of Academic Journal Quality with Applications to Open-Access Journals
Getting Cited: Does Open Access Help?
By Patrick Gaule and Nicolas Maystre
Pricing of Scientific Journal and Market Power
By Mathias Dewatripont, Victor A. Ginsburgh, ...
Open Access Versus Traditional Journal Pricing: Using a Simple 'Platform Market' Model to Understand Which Will Win (and Which Should)
By Mark J. Mccabe, Christopher M. Snyder, ...