The Role of Trades in Price Convergence: A Study of Dual-Listed Canadian Stocks
Journal of Empirical Finance, 14 (2007) 196-219
Posted: 26 May 2013 Last revised: 30 May 2013
Date Written: May 23, 2006
We examine the role of trades in restoring price parity for equities trading in multiple markets. Using a sample of stocks trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange and on the NYSE, AMEX or NASDAQ, we contrast price convergence when market makers (a) observe only lagged quotes from both markets and (b) also observe local order flow. Traditional error correction model estimates show that prices in the two markets adjust towards parity in response to quoted price discrepancies, meaning that observation of the cross-market quote helps restore parity. Including order flow in an augmented error correction model, we find that incremental price convergence occurs when trades are routed to the market with the better price, and the importance of quotes in the price convergence process is reduced. Cross-sectional analysis reveals that the importance of order flow in each market is decreasing in firm size and increasing in measures of liquidity. Our findings point to an important, and hitherto unexamined, role for trades in promoting inter-market price convergence.
Keywords: Order flow, Multiple market trading, Price disparity
JEL Classification: F3, G2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation