Culture Specific and Cross-Culturally Generalizable Implicit Leadership Theories: Are Attributes of Charismatic/Transformational Leadership Universally Endorsed?

Leadership Quarterly, Vol 10, Issue 2, 1999

University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-423

Posted: 26 May 2013

See all articles by Deanne N. Den Hartog

Deanne N. Den Hartog

University of Amsterdam Business School; Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Robert J. House

Independent

Paul J. Hanges

Independent

S. Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations

Peter W. Dorfman

Independent

Richard Field

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

Date Written: July 1, 1998

Abstract

This study focuses on culturally endorsed implicit theories of leadership (CLTs). Although cross-cultural research emphasizes that different cultural groups likely have different conceptions of what leadership should entail, a controversial position is argued here: namely that attributes associated with charismatic/transformational leadership will be universally endorsed as contributing to outstanding leadership. This hypothesis was tested in 62 cultures as part of the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Research Program. Universally endorsed leader attributes, as well as attributes that are universally seen as impediments to outstanding leadership and culturally contingent attributes are presented here. The results support the hypothesis that specific aspects of charismatic/transformational leadership are strongly and universally endorsed across cultures.

Suggested Citation

Den Hartog, Deanne N. and House, Robert J. and Hanges, Paul J. and Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. Antonio and Dorfman, Peter W. and Field, Richard, Culture Specific and Cross-Culturally Generalizable Implicit Leadership Theories: Are Attributes of Charismatic/Transformational Leadership Universally Endorsed? (July 1, 1998). Leadership Quarterly, Vol 10, Issue 2, 1999, University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-423, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2269943

Deanne N. Den Hartog (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam Business School ( email )

Roetersstraat 18
Amsterdam, 1018WB
Netherlands

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Robert J. House

Independent

Paul J. Hanges

Independent

S. Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-5927 (Phone)
607-255-9862 (Fax)

Peter W. Dorfman

Independent ( email )

Richard Field

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada

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