Citations (231)



International Comparisons of Educational Attainment

Robert J. Barro

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jong-Wha Lee

Korea University

April 1993

NBER Working Paper No. w4349

Many theories of economic growth stress the role of human capital in the form of education, but empirical studies have been hampered by inadequate data. We describe a data set on educational attainment that we have constructed for 129 countries over five-year periods from 1960-1985. We use census/survey information to fill over 40% of the cells, and we use school enrollment figures in a perpetual-inventory framework to fill the remainder. The data refer to male and female attainment of the adult population at four levels: no-schooling. primary. secondary, and higher. We also provide a rough breakdown into incomplete and complete attainment at the three levels of schooling. We then take account of cross-country variations in the durations of schooling at each level to provide figures on total years of attainment.

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Date posted: June 1, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Barro, Robert J. and Lee, Jong-Wha, International Comparisons of Educational Attainment (April 1993). NBER Working Paper No. w4349. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=227036

Contact Information

Robert J. Barro (Contact Author)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )
Littauer Center
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-3203 (Phone)
Jong-Wha Lee
Korea University ( email )
Anam-dong, Sungbuk-Ku
Dept. of Economics
Seoul, 136-701
82-2-3290-2216 (Phone)
82-2-928-4948 (Fax)
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