Urban Futures: Cities as Agents of Globalization and Innovation

Foresight - Russia, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 32–48, 2012

Higher School of Economics Research Paper Forthcoming

17 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2013

See all articles by Marina Boykova

Marina Boykova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) - Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge

Irina Ilyina

Institute for Regional Studies and Urban Planning

Mikhail Salazkin

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) - Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

The increasing complexity of globalization is reflected in the rapid growth of urban areas and expanding mega cities, where the majority of the world’ population is concentrated and where new trends in society and economy develop. This paper addresses the need for a new paradigm for urban development studies. Experts tend to share the view that the radically changing global of urban growth requires rethinking.

The urgent task is to move from the concept of “growth at any price” to a philosophy based on the healthy and creative city.

The paper explores new approaches, concepts and policy instruments that are essential for the moving toward a focus on the urban environment quality. The kind of lateral thinking that presumed an explicit division of urban territory into functional areas is no longer up to date. It is necessary to take a more creative, synthetic and multidisciplinary approaches. One can envision a city from a holistic perspective and see challenges as opportunities. A city should function as a single system, in other words, serving as one large project in which creativity and innovation are core elements. There is no template for such a city: each city will have its particular features.

The authors review some successfully implemented urban strategies to help build a model of planning for cities embarking on innovative development.

To realize such strategies, a critical mass of innovators to lead the process of urban transformation is necessary. Emphasis in planning therefore falls on human capital and on new flexible interdisciplinary strategies to identify sources of potential growth to develop and use advanced policy instruments to promote and establish new approaches. Some restructuring of the governance system should accompany new training for earmarked programmes, partnering with research universities, creating R&D departments within municipal governing bodies, and involving citizens in decision-making process regarding city development. Building up such human factors will determine whether the city will suffer gradual decline or become a “vibrant” environment with a higher quality of life.

Note: Downloadable document is in Russian.

Keywords: strategy of urban development, urban population, agglomeration, urbanization, global city, creative city, eco-city, megapolis, smart city

Suggested Citation

Boykova, Marina and Ilyina, Irina and Salazkin, Mikhail, Urban Futures: Cities as Agents of Globalization and Innovation (2012). Foresight - Russia, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 32–48, 2012 , Higher School of Economics Research Paper Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2270599

Marina Boykova (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) - Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge ( email )

Myasnitskaya st. 18
Moscow, 101000
Russia

Irina Ilyina

Institute for Regional Studies and Urban Planning ( email )

13 Milutinskiy Pereulok
Moscow, 101000
Russia

Mikhail Salazkin

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) - Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge ( email )

Myasnitskaya st. 18
Moscow, 101000
Russia

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
170
Abstract Views
735
Rank
331,382
PlumX Metrics