Sheltering Xenophobia

Critical Philosophy of Race, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013

19 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2013

Date Written: March 13, 2013


What is xenophobia? Why is xenophobia immoral? How is xenophobia’s conceptual and moral meaning diminished? Investigations of these questions would invigorate xenophobia as a topic in public morality and discourage the public’s acquiescing to xenophobia’s new prominence. This paper focuses on the third question, the diminishment of xenophobia. In the first section, I outline a general conception of xenophobia. In the second, I explain how theories of membership in liberal democratic societies relegate xenophobia to a minor moral concern. And, in the third, that the conflation of xenophobia with racism disadvantages the former. How liberal Democratic nations imagine membership (not surprisingly) and how those nations imagine racism (surprisingly) shelters xenophobia.

Keywords: Xenophobia, Racism, Race, Immigration, Migration

Suggested Citation

Sundstrom, Ronald R., Sheltering Xenophobia (March 13, 2013). Critical Philosophy of Race, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013. Available at SSRN:

Ronald R. Sundstrom (Contact Author)

USF, Department of Philosophy ( email )

2130 Fulton Street
San Francisco, CA 94117
United States

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