Combined Effects of the Three Commitment Components on Focal and Discretionary Behaviors: A Test of Meyer and Herscovitch's Propositions

Journal of Vocational Behavior. Vol 69. Issue 2. Year 2006

University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-453

Posted: 28 May 2013

See all articles by Ian R. Gellatly

Ian R. Gellatly

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

John Meyer

University of Western Ontario

Andrew A. Luchak

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

Date Written: Oct 1, 2005

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test theoretical propositions advanced by Meyer and Herscovitch (2001) concerning the interactive effects of affective, normative, and continuance commitment on focal (staying intentions) and discretionary (citizenship) behavior. Study measures were gathered from a sample of 545 hospital employees. Several a priori predictions regarding commitment profile differences were confirmed. Significant three-way interactions were found for both staying intentions and citizenship behavior. The pattern of relations for both behavioral criteria partially confirmed the hypotheses, but also provided evidence of possible “context effects” whereby the meaning and implications of the commitment components varies as a function of the other components. These effects were most notable for normative commitment and may offer new insight into the nature of this construct. Implications for commitment theory and its application were discussed.

Keywords: Organizational commitment, Work attitudes, Organizational behavior

Suggested Citation

Gellatly, Ian R. and Meyer, John and Luchak, Andrew A., Combined Effects of the Three Commitment Components on Focal and Discretionary Behaviors: A Test of Meyer and Herscovitch's Propositions (Oct 1, 2005). Journal of Vocational Behavior. Vol 69. Issue 2. Year 2006 ; University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-453. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2270739

Ian R. Gellatly (Contact Author)

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada

John Meyer

University of Western Ontario ( email )

1151 Richmond Street
Suite 2
London, Ontario N6A 5B8
Canada

Andrew A. Luchak

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada

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