Personal and Organizational Determinants of Perceived Absence Norms

Posted: 28 May 2013  

Ian R. Gellatly

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

Andrew A. Luchak

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization

Date Written: Aug 1, 1997

Abstract

A two-phase study employed a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodology to study absenteeism in a complex, hospital setting. The primary focus was to identify the bases of employees' beliefs about what is acceptable and expected in terms of absence behavior. Through a series of employee interviews, two different absence cultures were identified. We found evidence that employees' normative perceptions were influenced by their prior personal absence, and by the average level of absence within both their immediate work group and the absence culture to which they belonged. Perceived norms were also shown to predict future individual absence (total days absent) 1 year later. Theoretical and practical implications of this research were discussed.

Keywords: employee absenteeism, absence culture, group norms

Suggested Citation

Gellatly, Ian R. and Luchak, Andrew A., Personal and Organizational Determinants of Perceived Absence Norms (Aug 1, 1997). Human Relations. Vol 51. Issue 8. Year 1998 ; University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-461. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2270799

Ian R. Gellatly (Contact Author)

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada

Andrew A. Luchak

University of Alberta - Department of Strategic Management and Organization ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R6
Canada

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
418