Liability in Robotics: An International Perspective on Robots as Animals

24 Advanced Robotics 13 (2010)

Posted: 30 May 2013

See all articles by Richard Kelley

Richard Kelley

University of Nevada, Reno

Enrique Schaerer

Yale University - Law School

Micaela Gomez

University of Nevada, Reno

Monica Nicolescu

University of Nevada, Reno

Date Written: January 01, 2010

Abstract

As service robots become increasingly common in society, so too will accidents involving service robots. Current law functions effectively to adjudicate the disputes that arise from such accidents, but as technology improves and robot autonomy grows, it will become much harder to apply currently-existing laws. Instead, new legal frameworks will have to be developed to address questions of liability in human-robot interaction. We have already proposed the framework “Robots As Animals”, in which robots are analogized to domesticated animals for legal purposes in disputes about liability. In our initial presentation, though, we focused exclusively on the common law in the United States Federal Government. In this paper, we examine the laws concerning domesticated animals in countries in Europe, Asia, and North America. We apply the lessons learned from our analysis to build an expanded framework that better reflects the established norms of several nations and more explicitly balances the competing interests of producers and consumers of robot technology. We also provide examples of ways in which our new framework may be applied.

Keywords: human-robot interaction, roboethics, robot legal studies, liability, robots as animals

Suggested Citation

Kelley, Richard and Schaerer, Enrique and Gomez, Micaela and Nicolescu, Monica, Liability in Robotics: An International Perspective on Robots as Animals (January 01, 2010). 24 Advanced Robotics 13 (2010), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2271471

Richard Kelley

University of Nevada, Reno ( email )

1664 N. Virginia St
Reno, NV 89557
United States

Enrique Schaerer (Contact Author)

Yale University - Law School ( email )

127 Wall St.
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

Micaela Gomez

University of Nevada, Reno ( email )

1664 N. Virginia St
Reno, NV 89557
United States

Monica Nicolescu

University of Nevada, Reno ( email )

1664 N. Virginia St
Reno, NV 89557
United States

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