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Open Science: One Term, Five Schools of Thought

14 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2013  

Benedikt Fecher

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society

Date Written: May 30, 2013

Abstract

Open Science is an umbrella term that encompasses a multitude of assumptions about the future of knowledge creation and dissemination. Based on a literature review, this paper aims at structuring the overall discourse by proposing five Open Science schools of thought: the infrastructure school (which is concerned with the technological architecture), the public school (which is concerned with the accessibility of knowledge creation), the measurement school (which is concerned with alternative impact measurement), the democratic school (which is concerned with access to knowledge) and the pragmatic school (which is concerned with collaborative research).

Keywords: Open Science, assessment and review, science 2.0, citizen science, science communication, altmetrics, RatSWD, schools of thought, research infrastructure, impact measurement, open data, open access

JEL Classification: H42, H44, I28, K11, L17, Z13

Suggested Citation

Fecher, Benedikt and Friesike, Sascha, Open Science: One Term, Five Schools of Thought (May 30, 2013). RatSWD_WP_ 218. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2272036 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2272036

Benedikt Fecher (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Sascha Friesike

Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society ( email )

Bebelplatz 1 | 10099
Berlin
Germany

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