14 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2013
Date Written: May 30, 2013
Open Science is an umbrella term that encompasses a multitude of assumptions about the future of knowledge creation and dissemination. Based on a literature review, this paper aims at structuring the overall discourse by proposing five Open Science schools of thought: the infrastructure school (which is concerned with the technological architecture), the public school (which is concerned with the accessibility of knowledge creation), the measurement school (which is concerned with alternative impact measurement), the democratic school (which is concerned with access to knowledge) and the pragmatic school (which is concerned with collaborative research).
Keywords: Open Science, assessment and review, science 2.0, citizen science, science communication, altmetrics, RatSWD, schools of thought, research infrastructure, impact measurement, open data, open access
JEL Classification: H42, H44, I28, K11, L17, Z13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Fecher, Benedikt and Friesike, Sascha, Open Science: One Term, Five Schools of Thought (May 30, 2013). RatSWD_WP_ 218. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2272036 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2272036