Demographic Analysis of Birthweight-Specific Neonatal Mortality

26 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2000 Last revised: 1 Sep 2010

See all articles by Hope Corman

Hope Corman

Rider University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Michael Grossman

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office; CUNY The Graduate Center - Department of Economics

Theodore Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: December 1988

Abstract

This paper explores the determinants of birthweight-specific neonatal mortality rates across States in the U.S. in 1980. We are able to explore the interactions between the determinants and birthweight because of the new data available through the National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS). The NIMS links birth and death certificates for each state, resulting in a data base with race-specific neonatal mortality rates by birthweight, and other characteristics. Using a reduced-form model, we find abortion and neonatal intensive care availability to be the most important determinants of overall neonatal mortality. For whites, the two factors are of approximately equal importance in determining neonatal mortality. For blacks, abortion availability has twice the impact of neonatal inexpensive care. Moreover, our results suggest that neonatal mortality rates could be lowered by policies that reduce the inequality in these health resources across states.

Suggested Citation

Corman, Hope and Grossman, Michael and Joyce, Theodore J., Demographic Analysis of Birthweight-Specific Neonatal Mortality (December 1988). NBER Working Paper No. w2804. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=227233

Hope Corman (Contact Author)

Rider University ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Michael Grossman

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Theodore J. Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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