Achieving Escape Velocity: Neighborhood and School Interventions to Reduce Persistent Inequality

Posted: 2 Jun 2013

See all articles by Roland G. Fryer

Roland G. Fryer

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; University of Chicago

Lawrence F. Katz

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: June 2, 2013

Abstract

This paper reviews the evidence on the efficacy of neighborhood and school interventions in improving the long-run outcomes of children growing up in poor families. We focus on studies exploiting exogenous sources of variation in neighborhoods and schools and which examine at least medium-term outcomes. Higher-quality neighborhoods improve family safety, adult subjective well-being and health, and girls' mental health. But they have no detectable impact on youth human capital, labor market outcomes, or risky behaviors. In contrast, higher-quality schools can improve children's academic achievement and can have longer-term positive impacts of increasing educational attainment and earnings and reducing incarceration and teen pregnancy.

Keywords: D31, D63, I21, I32, I38, J15, R23

Suggested Citation

Fryer, Roland G. and Katz, Lawrence F., Achieving Escape Velocity: Neighborhood and School Interventions to Reduce Persistent Inequality (June 2, 2013). American Economic Review, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2273212

Roland G. Fryer (Contact Author)

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Lawrence F. Katz

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