Determining Damages in ICSID Arbitration: A Problem of Uncertainty
Contemporary Asia Arbitration Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 75-106, May 2013
32 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2013
Date Written: May 29, 2013
Currently, in investor-state arbitration under the auspices of ICSID, the determination of damages involves far too many variables and uncertainties for arbitrators to consistently reach equitable results (perhaps more importantly — to reach legally correct results). This is especially true under the governing customary international law standard, which vaguely requires that the reparation “wipe out all the consequences of the illegal act.” Arbitrators are often faced with complicated and contradicting theories of valuation while only armed with “case law” that are only persuasive authority and sometimes too few or too erratic to establish a clear trend. It is uncertain whether arbitrators are simply “splitting the baby” when they are overwhelmed by complex financial theories.
This article attempts to dissect all the major variables and potential complications in determining damages, point out possible consequences for uncertainties, and offer a prediction of future trends.
Keywords: ICSID, investor-state arbitration, damages, interests, valuation, customary international law
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