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The Pension System and the Rise of Shareholder Primacy

62 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2013  

Martin Gelter

Fordham University School of Law; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 4, 2013

Abstract

This Article explores the influence of the pension system on corporate governance, which has so far received little attention in the corporate law literature. While the shareholder-centric view of corporate governance is strong today, this is a relatively recent development. “Managerial capitalism” began to give way to shareholder capitalism over the past three decades. This Article argues that changes in the pension system, specifically the shift from defined-benefit plans to defined-contribution plans that began in the 1970s, have been a major force pushing the corporate governance system toward shareholder primacy. While in traditional pension plans, workers depended primarily on their employer’s ability to fund pensions, in today’s system retirement benefits strongly depend on capital markets. Shareholder wealth thus became more important for larger segments of society, and pro-shareholder policies became more important relative to pro-labor policies strengthening employees’ position vis-à-vis their employers. Consequently, shareholder primacy became the dominant factor in corporate governance debates. Managers today claim to focus on this objective and are less well positioned to take the interests of their firm’s employees or other groups into account. The political economy of corporate governance underwent a seismic shift. While it is not clear whether shareholders truly benefit from most reforms, these have been largely supported by the center-left given their apparent beneficial effects for shareholders and consequently the middle class. For the same reason, unions have been among the most eager proponents of shareholder activism.

Keywords: defined benefit plans, defined contributions plans, Social Security, PAYGO, unions, human capital, firm-specific investment, corporate governance, political economy, shareholder wealth maximization, stakeholders, corporate social responsibility

JEL Classification: G23, G30, H55, J33, J41, J53, J62, K22, K31, M12, M52, P16

Suggested Citation

Gelter, Martin, The Pension System and the Rise of Shareholder Primacy (June 4, 2013). Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2274395

Martin Gelter (Contact Author)

Fordham University School of Law ( email )

150 West 62nd Street
New York, NY 10023
United States
646-312-8752 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.fordham.edu/info/23135/martin_gelter

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Brussels, B-1050
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.ecgi.org/members_directory/member.php?member_id=621

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