School Quality and Labor Market Outcomes: Japanese American Internment as a Natural Experiment

23 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2013 Last revised: 5 Oct 2015

See all articles by Martin Hugo Saavedra

Martin Hugo Saavedra

Oberlin College - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 20, 2013

Abstract

In 1942, the United States incarcerated all Japanese Americans on the West Coast, including children, in internment camps. Using non-West Coast Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Asians as control groups, I estimate the effect of attending a War Relocation Authority school on labor market outcomes. Non-linear difference-in-differences estimates suggest that attending school within the internment camps decreased the probability of receiving a post-collegiate education by approximately 4 percentage points and decreased the probability of receiving a college degree by between 2 and 5 percentage points. Furthermore, I estimate that attending a WRA school decreased the returns to a year of schooling by between 1.1 and 1.4 percentage points.

Keywords: school quality, education, returns to education, Japanese American Internment

JEL Classification: I21, J24, N3

Suggested Citation

Saavedra, Martin Hugo, School Quality and Labor Market Outcomes: Japanese American Internment as a Natural Experiment (August 20, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2275547 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2275547

Martin Hugo Saavedra (Contact Author)

Oberlin College - Department of Economics ( email )

Oberlin, OH 44074
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.oberlin.edu/faculty/msaavedr

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