School Quality and Labor Market Outcomes: Japanese American Internment as a Natural Experiment
23 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2013 Last revised: 5 Oct 2015
Date Written: August 20, 2013
In 1942, the United States incarcerated all Japanese Americans on the West Coast, including children, in internment camps. Using non-West Coast Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Asians as control groups, I estimate the effect of attending a War Relocation Authority school on labor market outcomes. Non-linear difference-in-differences estimates suggest that attending school within the internment camps decreased the probability of receiving a post-collegiate education by approximately 4 percentage points and decreased the probability of receiving a college degree by between 2 and 5 percentage points. Furthermore, I estimate that attending a WRA school decreased the returns to a year of schooling by between 1.1 and 1.4 percentage points.
Keywords: school quality, education, returns to education, Japanese American Internment
JEL Classification: I21, J24, N3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation