Investigating the Influence of Tourism on Economic Growth And Carbon Emissions: Evidence from Panel Analysis of the European Union
Lee, J.W. and Brahmasrene, T. (2013). 'Investigating the Influence of Tourism on Economic Growth and Carbon Emissions: Evidence from Panel Analysis of the European Union.' Tourism Management, Vol. 38, pp. 69-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2013.02.016
Posted: 8 Jun 2013 Last revised: 18 Dec 2017
Date Written: February 23, 2013
The study investigates the influence of tourism on economic growth and CO2 emissions. In the empirical analysis, unit root and cointegration tests using panel data of European Union countries from 1988 to 2009 are performed to examine the long-run equilibrium relationship among tourism, CO2 emissions, economic growth and foreign direct investment (FDI). Results from panel cointegration techniques and fixed-effects models indicate that a long-run equilibrium relationship exists among these variables. Furthermore, tourism, CO2 emissions and FDI have high significant positive effect on economic growth. Economic growth, in turns, shows a high significant positive impact on CO2 emissions while tourism and FDI incur a high significant negative impact on CO2 emissions.
Keywords: tourism, economic growth, carbon emissions, foreign direct investment, European Union
JEL Classification: Q2, R1, Z
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