Export Quality in Developing Countries
35 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2013
Date Written: May 2013
This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of development, with quality convergence largely completed as a country reaches upper middle-income status. There is significant cross-country heterogeneity in quality growth rates. Within any given product line, quality converges both conditionally and unconditionally to the world frontier; increases in institutional quality and human capital are associated with faster quality upgrading. In turn, faster growth in quality is associated with more rapid output growth. The evidence suggests that quality upgrading is best encouraged through a broadly conducive domestic environment, rather than sector-specific policies. Diversification is important to create new upgrading opportunities.
Keywords: Exports, Developing countries, Manufacturing sector, Agricultural commodities, Agricultural exports, Cross country analysis, Product Quality, Upgrading, Developing Countries., export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, export prices, export sectors, apparel exports, export diversification, export basket, commodity exports, export markets, export value, regional trade agreements, export baskets, export flows, prices of exports, export market, trade flows, fuel exporters, world exports, developing countries ? exports, material exports, countries ? exports, export revenues, total exports, export market share
JEL Classification: F14, L15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation