External vs Internal Determinants of Firm Technology Strategy: Evidence from the Polish Services Sector

38 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2013

See all articles by Krzysztof Szczygielski

Krzysztof Szczygielski

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Wojciech Grabowski

University of Lodz

Richard Woodward

Centre for Social and Economic Research (CASE); University of Edinburgh - Business School

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

We use the insights from strategy research and innovation studies to address two principal questions regarding the technology strategy of a firm: what are the distinct elements of technology strategy and what are the strategy determinants? Equipped with Zahra’s (1996) concept of measuring technology strategy, we analyze data from two runs of the Community Innovation Survey for Polish service firms. We propose a set of indicators reflecting four principal fields of technology strategy: pioneer-posture, R&D efforts, technology portfolio, and monitoring activities. Interactions between the strategic variables are analyzed and their determinants are assessed. Our results suggest that technology strategies are determined by both factors external to the firm, and by the hitherto less stressed in the CIS-based empirical literature, internal factors. The role of internal factors increases with the macroeconomic environment becoming less favourable.

Keywords: Technology Strategy, Poland, Services, Innovation

JEL Classification: L21, L8, O32

Suggested Citation

Szczygielski, Krzysztof and Grabowski, Wojciech and Woodward, Richard, External vs Internal Determinants of Firm Technology Strategy: Evidence from the Polish Services Sector (2013). CASE Network Studies and Analyses No. 454, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2278246 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2278246

Krzysztof Szczygielski (Contact Author)

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Wojciech Grabowski

University of Lodz ( email )

Ulica Prezydenta Gabriela
Narutowicza 65 str.
Lodz, 90-131
Poland

Richard Woodward

Centre for Social and Economic Research (CASE) ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
00-944 Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

University of Edinburgh - Business School

University of Edinburgh
29 Buccleuch Place
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JS
United Kingdom

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