The Birth of a Research Animal: Ibsen's the Wild Duck and the Origin of a New Animal Science

Environmental Values, 9 (1), 91-108, 2000

18 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2013

See all articles by Hub Zwart

Hub Zwart

Radboud University Nijmegen, Faculty of Science, ISIS; EUR

Date Written: 2000

Abstract

What role does the wild duck play in Ibsen’s famous drama? I argue that, besides mirroring the fate of the human cast members, the duck is acting as animal subject in a quasi-experiment, conducted in a private setting. Analysed from this perspective, the play allows us to discern the epistemological and ethical dimensions of the new scientific animal practice (systematic observation of animal behaviour under artificial conditions) emerging precisely at that time. Ibsen’s play stages the clash between a scientific and a romantic understanding of animals that still constitutes the backdrop of most contemporary debates over animals in research. Whereas the scientific understanding reduces the animal’s behaviour, as well as its environment, to discrete and modifiable elements, the romantic view regards animals as being at one with (or violently disconnected from) their natural surroundings.

Keywords: History of animal research, Ibsen, The Wild Duck, animal ethics

Suggested Citation

Zwart, Hub, The Birth of a Research Animal: Ibsen's the Wild Duck and the Origin of a New Animal Science (2000). Environmental Values, 9 (1), 91-108, 2000, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2279905

Hub Zwart (Contact Author)

Radboud University Nijmegen, Faculty of Science, ISIS ( email )

P.O. Box 9010
Nijmegen, 6500GL
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.filosofie.science.ru.nl/

EUR ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

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