Female Managers and the Gender-Based Gap in Education: Evidence from Firm-Level Data in Developing Countries

18 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2013

See all articles by Mohammad Amin

Mohammad Amin

World Bank - Enterprise Analysis Unit

Asif Islam

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC)

Date Written: June 16, 2013

Abstract

A number of studies have analyzed differences in males and females in labor market participation rates and the level of wages. Some of these gender-based differences have also been linked to differences in the level of education between males and females. The present paper contributes to this literature by analyzing the relationship between the proclivity of a firm having a female top manager and the level of education among female relative to males in the country. Using firm-level data for 65 developing countries, we find strong evidence that countries with high female enrollment rates in primary, secondary and tertiary education relative to males have a significantly higher proportion of female managers. We also find that the positive relationship between education among females relative to males and the proportion of female managers is much stronger in countries with poor quality of democracy and in countries with no laws mandating the provision of child care. That is, increasing education among females substitute for poor quality of democracy and the lack provision of child care laws with regards to expanding the proportion of females in managerial positions in the country.

Suggested Citation

Amin, Mohammad and Islam, Asif Mohammed, Female Managers and the Gender-Based Gap in Education: Evidence from Firm-Level Data in Developing Countries (June 16, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2279940 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2279940

Mohammad Amin

World Bank - Enterprise Analysis Unit ( email )

2121 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Asif Mohammed Islam (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC) ( email )

1818 H Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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