The Effects of Government Regulation on Teenage Smoking

48 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2004

See all articles by Eugene M. Lewit

Eugene M. Lewit

Center for the Future of Children

Douglas Coate

Newark College of Arts & Sciences - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Michael Grossman

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office; CUNY The Graduate Center - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 1981

Abstract

We examine the impact of three sets of government regulations on the demand for cigarettes by teenagers in the United States. These are: (1) the excise tax on cigarettes, (2) the Fairness Doctrine of the Federal Communications Commission, which resulted in the airing of anti-smoking messages on radio and television from July 1, 1967 to January 1, 1971,and (3) the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act of 1970, which banned pro-smoking cigarette advertising on radio and television after January 1, 1971.Teenage price elasticities of demand for cigarettes are substantial and much larger than the corresponding adult price elasticities. The teenage smoking participation elasticity equals -1.2, and the quantity smoked elasticity equals -1.4. It follows that, if future reductions in youth smoking are desired, an increase in the Federal excise tax is a potent policy to accomplish this goal. The contention of the proponents of the advertising ban that the Fairness Doctrine failed in the case of teenagers is incorrect. According to our results, the doctrine had a substantial negative impact on teenage smoking participation rates. Extrapolations suggest that the advertising ban was no better or worse a policy than the Fairness Doctrine.

Suggested Citation

Lewit, Eugene M. and Coate, Douglas and Grossman, Michael, The Effects of Government Regulation on Teenage Smoking (April 1981). NBER Working Paper No. w0655. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=228072

Eugene M. Lewit (Contact Author)

Center for the Future of Children ( email )

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Douglas Coate

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Michael Grossman

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HOME PAGE: http://mgrossman.ws.gc.cuny.edu

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