When are Private Standards more Stringent than Public Standards?
44 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2013
Date Written: March 25, 2013
Retailers’ private standards are increasingly important in addressing consumer concerns about safety, quality and social and environmental issues. Empirical evidence shows that these private standards are frequently more stringent than their public counterparts. This article develops a political economy model that may contribute to explaining this stylized fact. We show that if producers exercise their political power to persuade the government to impose a lower public standard, retailers may apply their market power to install a private standard at a higher level than the public one, depending on several factors.
Keywords: Private standards, public standards, political economy
JEL Classification: D72, L15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation