Declining Protection in Developing Countries: Fact or Fiction?

12 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2013

See all articles by Chris Milner

Chris Milner

University of Nottingham - School of Economics

Date Written: June 2013

Abstract

This paper explores whether and to what extent evident trade reform, falling average tariffs and rising exports in recent decades overstate the extent to which protectionism has declined in developing countries, especially low‐income developing countries. It identifies remaining significant protection, especially of final manufactured goods; this being associated with the presence of peak tariffs, escalating tariff structures by stage of production and replacement of old forms of non‐tariff protection with new instruments of non‐tariff protection. It also identifies significant protection arising from high international trade costs induced by inefficiencies in transportation, ports and customs, and from the growth of exports to preference‐receiving, export markets.

Suggested Citation

Milner, Chris, Declining Protection in Developing Countries: Fact or Fiction? (June 2013). The World Economy, Vol. 36, Issue 6, pp. 689-700, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2282354 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/twec.12070

Chris Milner (Contact Author)

University of Nottingham - School of Economics ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

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