Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions for Innovation
63 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2013 Last revised: 27 Nov 2020
Date Written: June 20, 2013
We propose and empirically examine cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) as an important dimension of firms’ innovation strategies. Our empirical analyses, based on a sample of 85,591 M&A deals from 57 countries, show that innovative firms in low innovation countries are more likely to undertake cross-border deals, and select innovative targets when doing so, as compared with innovative firms in high innovation countries. We also find that these cross-border M&As earn higher announcement stock returns when compared to domestic deals. We show that innovative firms from low innovation countries produce more patents, and invest more in research and development (R&D) after they acquire targets in high innovation countries. This study provides new evidence to the absorptive capacity theory from an international perspective.
Keywords: Innovation, mergers, acquisitions, cross-border
JEL Classification: G34
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