A Rational Theory of Mutual Funds' Attention Allocation
53 Pages Posted: 26 Jun 2013 Last revised: 29 Oct 2015
Date Written: October 28, 2015
The question of whether and how mutual fund managers provide valuable services for their clients motivates one of the largest literatures in finance. One candidate explanation is that funds process information about future asset values and use that information to invest in high-valued assets. But formal theories are scarce because information choice models with many assets are difficult to solve as well as difficult to test. This paper tackles both problems by developing a new attention allocation model that uses the state of the business cycle to predict information choices, which in turn, predict observable patterns of portfolio investments and returns. The predictions about fund portfolios' covariance with payoff shocks, cross-fund portfolio and return dispersion, and their excess returns are all supported by the data. In turn, these findings offer new evidence that some investment managers have skill and that attention is allocated rationally.
Keywords: mutual funds, rational inattention, portfolio choice
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